• The Most Radical Gesture: The Situationist International in

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    Hellenistic philosophers, both Greek and Roman, were preoccupied with questions about death and debated them with a depth and intensity that makes them still highly influential in modern philosophical debate about the same issues. It is "E-FABism" E-FAB designs are intellectually aesthetic and directly reflect the client/ users needs. During the middle of the century, the German philosopher, Alexander Baumgarten coined the term aesthetics.
  • The End of Art: A Comparative Analysis of French Postmodern

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    Herodotus records that [the Athenians] found many ways to express their sorrow at the fall of Miletus, and in particular, when Phrynicus composed and produced a play called The Fall of Miletus, the audience burst into tears and fined him a thousand drachmas for reminding them of a disaster that was so close to home; future productions of the play were also banned. (Herodotus, The Histories, 359) How are we to explain the Athenian reaction to this play without recourse to something like interest or lack of distance?
  • Philosophy of Literature (Ratio Special Issues)

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    What can we learn about ourselves from what we find beautiful? Practically, this questions translates into issues of scientific methodology: how can one develop theories or models that are better than competing theories? African Philosophy in Search of Identity. The views and opinions expressed in this page are strictly those of the page author. We consider applicants who have already achieved an educational level equivalent to an Honours degree.
  • The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer (New Studies in the History

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    Just as the court offers no answer to Hanna's biting question "What would you have done," Michael has no response to the survivors refusal to offer any kind of absolution to Hanna. People just do not enjoy that which haunts in the same way as they do that which promises happiness. In regard to drinking water, there are formal criteria for aesthetic value including odor, color, total dissolved solids, and clarity. Overall, it seems that the work should not be altered in this manner.
  • Beauty and the Beast an Essay in Evolutionary Aesthetic

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    Are persons highly complex physical systems, or do they have properties not reducible to anything physical? When the empiricist maintains that that value of Bartok's Fourth String Quartet, with its particular twists and turns, consists in the value of the experience that it affords, which experience is valuable, at least in part, because it is an experience of a quartet with those twists and turns, one may wonder whether a value originally belonging to the quartet has been transferred to the experience, before being reflected back, once again, onto the quartet. –––, 1962, “On the Generality of Critical Reasons,” The Journal of Philosophy, 59: 477–486. –––, 1982, The Aesthetic Point of View, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press Bender, J., 1995, “General but Defeasible Reasons in Aesthetic Evaluation: The Generalist/Particularist Dispute,” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 53: 379–392.
  • Architecture Theory: A Reader in Philosophy and Culture

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    From the beginning, the search for a definition has been challenged by the multiplicity of the arts. Nevertheless, even if we find this general invocation of imagination, as the “synthesizing force” within perception, vacuous or unilluminating, we may yet feel that the imagination has some special role to play in aesthetic experience and that the reference to imagination has some special value in explaining the precise way in which a content and an experience become “fused” (to use George Santayana’s term).
  • Vintage Valentines CD-ROM and Book (Dover Electronic Clip

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    In section 14 of the Aesthetica Baumgarten writes that "the aim of aesthetics is the perfection of sensible cognition as such, that is, beauty, while its imperfection as such, that is, ugliness, is to be avoided." The belief in the aesthetic value of nature was the driving force behind social developments like the national parks in the United States; the government specifically set aside natural spaces for their natural beauty, rather than allowing residents of the nation to use them for development.
  • The Baumgarten Corruption: From Sense to Nonsense in Art and

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    However, the belief in a human-centered view of philosophy continued to grow. Let’s be honest — we’re living in the real world. The classical period of Greek philosophy lasted from about 430 to 320 BC. Solomon (London: Routledge, 1998), 39-49; in abridged form in Twenty Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy, edited by Lee Bowie, Meredith Michaels, and Robert C. Some are scientists developing ways to test household products without using animals. Each philosophy represents the spirit peculiar to its own period.
  • The Birth of Tragedy (Oxford World's Classics)

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    Logic, Language, and Reasoning Web Space. And when, accordingly, a man is giddy, it is not the arts and the virtues which are thrown into confusion, but the spirit to which they belong; and when he is recovered so are they. The technical term for this relation is supervenience: beauty must supervene upon other properties. It is this attitude which today gives birth to these ridiculous books, these insulting plays. That is, it expunges disorderly and unwanted passions by giving them an outlet to flow freely.11 Another definition for catharsis is that it is a clarification (or education).
  • Deleuze and Art (Bloomsbury Studies in Continental

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    The expression 'umbrella word' suggests that "umbrella words" are not the usual case, i.e. that normally the meaning of word is what all things named by that word have in common -- i.e. their essence. For Plato, these Forms are perfect Ideals, but they are also more real than physical objects. The hot turned some water into mist and air, while the remainder ascended to form fiery rings in the heavens. Derrida has had an enormous impact on modern thought, with deconstruction proving itself to be one of the most controversial as well as most stimulating developments in the late twentieth-century intellectual life.